Tsum means "The Valley of Vivid". The valley occupies an area of about 1662 square kilo meters. To get to the Tsum Valley it requires 4-6 days hiking from Arughat, nearby town which is 7-8 hours drive from Kathmandu. Tsum Valley has long history of Buddhit Saint Milarepa is believed to have meditated in this sacred valley surrounded by giant rocks and mountains. During his travel over the 84 years he had meditated in Piren Phu. Milarepa,born in 1052 AD. It is believed the Milarepa went to a woman's house as a beggar but the old woman from Burji Village did not know that it was great saint and she treated badly by giving him a gait a piece of buck wheat bread later her half of her field became barren. Even today, amidst the fertile land of Burji, there is small plot that remains barren.
As the area is Non-Violence, people are peace loving and religious in Tsum Valley. They give equal right to even animal and all the sentient beings. This is one of the most unique identities of Tsum Valley. Tsum Valley's practices towards non-violence gives an important message of peace of global community for better world. The people from Tsum Valley are called Tsumba and they never slaughter animals not even as sacrifice to the God's customary in many parts of the world. You will witness the real and ideal Tibetan Buddhist culture is still very predominant in Tsum and the scenery is just gorgeous, with beautiful forests and countryside, with Ganesh Himal soaring high above the valley.
Many people combine the Tsum Valley with Manaslu Circuit Trek, also starting in Arughat Bazaar and ending in Besisahar, some people still combine Annapurna circuit with this trek and trekking itinerary will be some 27-35 days long depending on your time and interest. You can already catch a jeep further north from Dharapani onwards. Others proceed back to Arugath the same way, a circuit is not possible. If you You start low, walking through green countryside, and passing small Hindu villages. You enter the Tsum Valley going right from the main trail and you soon enter a beautiful forest with pines and rhododendrons, heading eastwards, the valley opens up to reveal a beautiful countryside and small Tibetan-style villages.